What Is A Traumatic Brain Injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury

A Traumatic Brain Injury, also known as a TBI, is a trauma to the brain caused by an external force, such as a fall, an assault, or a motor vehicle accident. TBI does not include stroke, aneurysm, insufficient oxygen, poisoning, or infections – these are known as non-traumatic brain injuries.  Many times non-TBI injuries may cause similar deficits as a Traumatic Brain Injury. 

Traumatic Brain Injury is frequently referred to as the “silent epidemic” because the problems that result from it often are not visible.  TBI is an injury to the brain characterized by five elements:

1. TBI is an injury to the brain caused by biomechanics forces.  TBI is not ischemia or stroke! These forces can be direct or indirect. 

2. TBI results in regional and temporal cellular alterations and may produce cell death. The victim may not see the effects of the injury for a couple of weeks.

3. TBI produces a state of energy crisis and subsequent metabolic diaschisis.

4. TBI changes the priorities for fuel in the victim’s body. 

5. TBI can contribute to the acquisition of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and more chronic neurological degeneration related diseases.

Generally, a traumatic brain injury is a non-degenerative, non-congenital injury to the brain caused by an external mechanical force, potentially leading to permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical, and psychosocial functions.  This impairment is often accompanied by a diminished or altered state of consciousness. It has also been defined as “an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force.” TBI’s are usually classified by use of the Glasgow Coma Scale as either severe (GCS 3-8), moderate (GCS 9-12), or mild (GCS 13-15).

West Hollywood Personal Injury Lawyer

If you or someone you know has been injured, contact a personal injury attorney at The Sterling Firm.  We have attorney experienced in handling Traumatic Brain Injuries.  We can help.  Call now to speak with a brain injury lawyer.

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