Pain and suffering damages include disability or physical impairment, disfigurement, mental anguish, inconvenience or loss of capacity for the enjoyment of life experienced in the past or to be experienced in the future.
The principle behind pain and suffering damages is to put the plaintiff in the position had the accident not occurred. However, this is impossible. So the best that the law can do is put a money amount to the plaintiff’s pain. For example, your medical bills may be covered, but that doesn’t compensate you for the pain of never being able to pick up your grandchild again. But this is the reality, nothing will give your health back but the law will attempt to fairly compensate the victim with an amount of money.